Today’s events include:
Today’s focus: Summer / Winter Solstice
While often referred to as the “longest” or “shortest” day of the year, as a result of time zones, the event actually occurs on different days depending on where on the planet you are. Whichever day contains the point at which the sun’s zenith is at its furthest/closest point from the equator, becomes the solstice for that region.
In 2016, the June Solstice is on Monday 20th June 2016 22:34 UTC (Universal Coordinated Time), while locally for me in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, it is on Tuesday 21st June 2016 at 8:34am AEST (Australian Eastern Standard Time).
The world solstice comes from the Latin: Solstitium, which can be translated as “sun-stopping”. During the June solstice, the midnight sun is visible (weather allowing) throughout the night in all areas from just south of the Arctic Circle to the North Pole. While on the other side of the planet, south of the Antartic Circle, there is Polar Night, meaning no sunlight at all on this day, leaving lots of male penguins huddling in the darkness for warmth.
Daily Trivia: People with red hair are more sensitive to thermal pain, are less sensitive to electrically induced pain, and require larger amounts of anesthetics than people without red hair due to a mutation in their melanocortin 1 receptor.